If you're adding residential or commercial chain link fencing and are thinking of placing vines along the fence to provide some privacy, you're likely to have success -- there are many vines that grow quite well along trellises, chain link fences, and other supports that have thin wires. But you can't just throw some seeds at the base of the fence and leave them alone. You have to guide the vines onto the fence and ensure they spread out in the directions you need them to. You also have to take time into account to ensure you don't end up with a fair-weather fence that provides privacy only during seasons conducive to growth.
Get the Right Cultivars
Not all vines are evergreen. Some can fill out a chain link fence quite nicely in warmer regions. But in cooler areas, the vines can drop leaves. If you live in an area where cooler weather in fall and winter make plants die back or thin out, look specifically for evergreens with a lot of leafy foliage, such as evergreen varieties of clematis. Do be aware that some vines have both evergreen and deciduous cultivars, and clematis is one. So be very careful to check out the evergreen status before you buy cuttings or seeds.
Also avoid invasive or damaging plants. Japanese and Chinese wisteria, for example, can cover structures very quickly, but they can also cover everything next to those structures, too. The vines are extremely aggressive, and they are probably not a good idea for property where you won't be keeping a close eye on what the vines are doing once they've covered the fence.
Do be sure you get vines that twist around supports. Some vines, like ivies, have aerial roots that adhere to flat walls. Chain link fences don't always have enough surface area to accommodate plants like those.
Give Them a Good Start
No matter what you get, you will have to give the plants some care and guidance up the fence links. As the vines grow, start weaving them through the chain links, tying them to the wires if necessary with plant tape, a green plastic strip that is available at gardening stores. Some vines will take it from there and continue to entwine themselves while others will need more tape to hold themselves up every few links. Remember that you can guide vines laterally, too, and not just vertically.
If you want more information about vines that cover chain link fences quickly, talk to both gardening centers and fence companies. The fence companies, especially, can tell you which types of vines they've seen used successfully on their fences.